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A retrospective evaluation of bifid mandibular canal prevalence of Southeastern Anatolia population by cone-beam computed tomography

Yıl 2022, Cilt 25, Sayı Supplement, 42 - 46, 25.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.7126/cumudj.1032866

Öz

Introduction: Bifid mandibular canal (BMC) is often detected incidentally on radiological examination and can be observed in unilateral or bilateral forms. The correct localization of the BMC plays an important role in the prevention of complications such as paresthesia, anesthesia, bleeding, traumatic neuroma, which may occur during or after surgical operations on the mandible such as sagittal split ramus osteotomy, impacted third molar tooth extraction, and dental implant surgery. Objective: This study aims to retrospectively evaluate the prevalence of bifid mandibular canal (BMC) in the Southeastern Anatolian population via Conical Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT). Material and Method: In this retrospective study, CBCT images of 615 patients, who applied to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in the Faculty of Dentistry at Dicle University, Turkey, for various reasons from 2015 to 2020, is evaluated and cases with bifid mandibular canals are examined. The prevalence evaluation is conducted by statistical analyses in terms of sex and laterality. Results: According to the analyses, the BMC prevalence did not constitute a significant difference in terms of the age variable (p>0.05). The incidence of unilateral BMC was higher than bilateral BMC (p<0.05; p=0.016). Additionally, the prevalence of BMC was higher in males compared to females (p<0.05; p=0.008). Conclusion: BMC, which can be detected more easily and frequently via CBCT technology, is an anatomical formation that should be taken into account during oral and maxillofacial practices.

Kaynakça

  • Okumuş Ö, Dumlu A. Prevalence of bifid mandibular canal according to gender, type, and side. J Dent Sci. 2019 Jun;14(2):126-133. DOI: 10.1016/j.jds.2019.03.009. Epub 2019 Apr 11. PMID: 31210887; PMCID: PMC6562102.
  • Zhang YQ, Zhao YN, Liu DG, Meng Y, Ma XC. Bifid variations of the mandibular canal: cone-beam computed tomography evaluation of 1000 Northern Chinese patients. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2018 Nov;126(5):e271-e278. DOI: 10.1016/j.oooo.2018.06.008. Epub 2018 Jun 30. PMID: 30093317.
  • Correr GM, Iwanko D, Leonardi DP, Ulbrich LM, Araújo MR, Deliberador TM. Classification of bifid mandibular canals using cone-beam computed tomography. Braz Oral Res. 2013 Nov-Dec;27(6):510-6. DOI: 10.1590/S1806-83242013000600011. PMID: 24346049.
  • Laçin N, Aytuğar E, Veli İ Cone-beam computed tomography evaluation of bifid mandibular canal in a Turkish population. International Dental Research, 2018; 8 (2), 78-83.
  • Das S, Suri RK. An anatomic-radiological study of an accessory mandibular foramen on the medial mandibular surface. Folia Morphol 2004;63:511-3.
  • Kuribayashi A, Watanabe H, Imaizumi A, Tantanapornkul W, Katakami K, Kurabayashi T. Bifid mandibular canals: cone-beam computed tomography evaluation. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2010 May;39(4):235-9. DOI: 10.1259/dmfr/66254780. PMID: 20395465; PMCID: PMC3520225.
  • Elnadoury EA, Gaweesh YSE, Abu El Sadat SM, Anwar SK. Prevalence of bifid and trifid mandibular canals with unusual patterns of nerve branching using cone-beam computed tomography. Odontology. 2021 Jul 15. DOI: 10.1007/s10266-021-00638-9. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34263380.
  • Zhang YQ, Zhao YN, Liu DG, Meng Y, Ma XC. Bifid variations of the mandibular canal: cone-beam computed tomography evaluation of 1000 Northern Chinese patients. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2018 Nov;126(5):e271-e278. DOI: 10.1016/j.oooo.2018.06.008. Epub 2018 Jun 30. PMID: 30093317.
  • Claeys V, Wackens G. Bifid mandibular canal: literature review and case report. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2005 Jan;34(1):55-8. DOI: 10.1259/dmfr/23146121. PMID: 15709108.
  • Mizbah K, Gerlach N, Maal TJ, Bergé SJ, Meijer GJ. The clinical relevance of bifid and trifid mandibular canals. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012 Mar;16(1):147-51. DOI: 10.1007/s10006-011-0278-5. Epub 2011 Jun 23. PMID: 21698363; PMCID: PMC3294215.
  • Orhan K, Aksoy S, Bilecenoglu B, Sakul BU, Paksoy CS. Evaluation of bifid mandibular canals with cone-beam computed tomography in a Turkish adult population: a retrospective study. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011 Aug;33(6):501-7. DOI: 10.1007/s00276-010-0761-y. Epub 2010 Dec 16. PMID: 21161224.
  • Villaça-Carvalho MF, Manhães LR Jr, de Moraes ME, Lopes SL. Prevalence of bifid mandibular canals by cone-beam computed tomography. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2016 Sep;20(3):289-94. DOI: 10.1007/s10006-016-0569-y. Epub 2016 Jul 15. PMID: 27417545.
  • De Oliveira-Santos C, Souza PH, de Azambuja Berti-Couto S, Stinkens L, Moyaert K, Rubira-Bullen IR, Jacobs R. Assessment of variations of the mandibular canal through cone-beam computed tomography. Clin Oral Investig. 2012 Apr;16(2):387-93. DOI: 10.1007/s00784-011-0544-9. Epub 2011 Mar 30. PMID: 21448636.
  • Shen EC, Fu E, Fu MM, Peng M. Configuration and corticalization of the mandibular bifid canal in a Taiwanese adult population: a computed tomography study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2014 Jul-Aug;29(4):893-7. DOI: 10.11607/jomi.3435. PMID: 25032769.
  • Chávez-Lomeli ME, Mansilla Lory J, Pompa JA, Kjaer I. The human mandibular canal arises from three separate canals innervating different tooth groups. J Dent Res. 1996 Aug;75(8):1540-4. DOI: 10.1177/00220345960750080401. PMID: 8906121.
  • Nortjé CJ, Farman AG, Grotepass FW. Variations in the normal anatomy of the inferior dental (mandibular) canal: a retrospective study of panoramic radiographs from 3612 routine dental patients. Br J Oral Surg. 1977 Jul;15(1):55-63. DOI: 10.1016/0007-117x(77)90008-7. PMID: 268217.
  • Langlais RP, Broadus R, Glass BJ. Bifid mandibular canals in panoramic radiographs. J Am Dent Assoc. 1985 Jun;110(6):923-6. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.1985.0033. PMID: 3860553.
  • Naitoh M, Hiraiwa Y, Aimiya H, Ariji E. Observation of bifid mandibular canal using cone-beam computerized tomography. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2009 Jan-Feb;24(1):155-9. PMID: 19344041.
  • Von Arx T, Bornstein MM. The bifid mandibular canal in three-dimensional radiography: morphologic and quantitative characteristics. Swiss Dent J. 2021 Jan 11;131(1):10-28. Epub 2020 Dec 16. PMID: 33325209

Yıl 2022, Cilt 25, Sayı Supplement, 42 - 46, 25.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.7126/cumudj.1032866

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Okumuş Ö, Dumlu A. Prevalence of bifid mandibular canal according to gender, type, and side. J Dent Sci. 2019 Jun;14(2):126-133. DOI: 10.1016/j.jds.2019.03.009. Epub 2019 Apr 11. PMID: 31210887; PMCID: PMC6562102.
  • Zhang YQ, Zhao YN, Liu DG, Meng Y, Ma XC. Bifid variations of the mandibular canal: cone-beam computed tomography evaluation of 1000 Northern Chinese patients. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2018 Nov;126(5):e271-e278. DOI: 10.1016/j.oooo.2018.06.008. Epub 2018 Jun 30. PMID: 30093317.
  • Correr GM, Iwanko D, Leonardi DP, Ulbrich LM, Araújo MR, Deliberador TM. Classification of bifid mandibular canals using cone-beam computed tomography. Braz Oral Res. 2013 Nov-Dec;27(6):510-6. DOI: 10.1590/S1806-83242013000600011. PMID: 24346049.
  • Laçin N, Aytuğar E, Veli İ Cone-beam computed tomography evaluation of bifid mandibular canal in a Turkish population. International Dental Research, 2018; 8 (2), 78-83.
  • Das S, Suri RK. An anatomic-radiological study of an accessory mandibular foramen on the medial mandibular surface. Folia Morphol 2004;63:511-3.
  • Kuribayashi A, Watanabe H, Imaizumi A, Tantanapornkul W, Katakami K, Kurabayashi T. Bifid mandibular canals: cone-beam computed tomography evaluation. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2010 May;39(4):235-9. DOI: 10.1259/dmfr/66254780. PMID: 20395465; PMCID: PMC3520225.
  • Elnadoury EA, Gaweesh YSE, Abu El Sadat SM, Anwar SK. Prevalence of bifid and trifid mandibular canals with unusual patterns of nerve branching using cone-beam computed tomography. Odontology. 2021 Jul 15. DOI: 10.1007/s10266-021-00638-9. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34263380.
  • Zhang YQ, Zhao YN, Liu DG, Meng Y, Ma XC. Bifid variations of the mandibular canal: cone-beam computed tomography evaluation of 1000 Northern Chinese patients. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2018 Nov;126(5):e271-e278. DOI: 10.1016/j.oooo.2018.06.008. Epub 2018 Jun 30. PMID: 30093317.
  • Claeys V, Wackens G. Bifid mandibular canal: literature review and case report. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2005 Jan;34(1):55-8. DOI: 10.1259/dmfr/23146121. PMID: 15709108.
  • Mizbah K, Gerlach N, Maal TJ, Bergé SJ, Meijer GJ. The clinical relevance of bifid and trifid mandibular canals. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012 Mar;16(1):147-51. DOI: 10.1007/s10006-011-0278-5. Epub 2011 Jun 23. PMID: 21698363; PMCID: PMC3294215.
  • Orhan K, Aksoy S, Bilecenoglu B, Sakul BU, Paksoy CS. Evaluation of bifid mandibular canals with cone-beam computed tomography in a Turkish adult population: a retrospective study. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011 Aug;33(6):501-7. DOI: 10.1007/s00276-010-0761-y. Epub 2010 Dec 16. PMID: 21161224.
  • Villaça-Carvalho MF, Manhães LR Jr, de Moraes ME, Lopes SL. Prevalence of bifid mandibular canals by cone-beam computed tomography. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2016 Sep;20(3):289-94. DOI: 10.1007/s10006-016-0569-y. Epub 2016 Jul 15. PMID: 27417545.
  • De Oliveira-Santos C, Souza PH, de Azambuja Berti-Couto S, Stinkens L, Moyaert K, Rubira-Bullen IR, Jacobs R. Assessment of variations of the mandibular canal through cone-beam computed tomography. Clin Oral Investig. 2012 Apr;16(2):387-93. DOI: 10.1007/s00784-011-0544-9. Epub 2011 Mar 30. PMID: 21448636.
  • Shen EC, Fu E, Fu MM, Peng M. Configuration and corticalization of the mandibular bifid canal in a Taiwanese adult population: a computed tomography study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2014 Jul-Aug;29(4):893-7. DOI: 10.11607/jomi.3435. PMID: 25032769.
  • Chávez-Lomeli ME, Mansilla Lory J, Pompa JA, Kjaer I. The human mandibular canal arises from three separate canals innervating different tooth groups. J Dent Res. 1996 Aug;75(8):1540-4. DOI: 10.1177/00220345960750080401. PMID: 8906121.
  • Nortjé CJ, Farman AG, Grotepass FW. Variations in the normal anatomy of the inferior dental (mandibular) canal: a retrospective study of panoramic radiographs from 3612 routine dental patients. Br J Oral Surg. 1977 Jul;15(1):55-63. DOI: 10.1016/0007-117x(77)90008-7. PMID: 268217.
  • Langlais RP, Broadus R, Glass BJ. Bifid mandibular canals in panoramic radiographs. J Am Dent Assoc. 1985 Jun;110(6):923-6. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.1985.0033. PMID: 3860553.
  • Naitoh M, Hiraiwa Y, Aimiya H, Ariji E. Observation of bifid mandibular canal using cone-beam computerized tomography. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2009 Jan-Feb;24(1):155-9. PMID: 19344041.
  • Von Arx T, Bornstein MM. The bifid mandibular canal in three-dimensional radiography: morphologic and quantitative characteristics. Swiss Dent J. 2021 Jan 11;131(1):10-28. Epub 2020 Dec 16. PMID: 33325209

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Yayınlanma Tarihi Kış
Bölüm Original Research Articles
Yazarlar

Nedim GÜNEŞ (Sorumlu Yazar)
DİCLE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DİŞ HEKİMLİĞİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-7160-1899
Türkiye


Rıdvan GÜLER
DİCLE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DİŞ HEKİMLİĞİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-4750-9798
Türkiye


Hatice DEMİRCAN AĞIN Bu kişi benim
DİCLE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DİŞ HEKİMLİĞİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-0330-3133
Türkiye


Serkan DÜNDAR
FIRAT ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DİŞ HEKİMLİĞİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-3944-1957
Türkiye


Veysel ERATİLLA
BATMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-3511-5612
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Araştırma hiç bir kurum tarafından desteklenmemiştir.
Proje Numarası 2020-48
Yayımlanma Tarihi 25 Mart 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 5 Aralık 2021
Kabul Tarihi 16 Şubat 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 25, Sayı Supplement

Kaynak Göster

EndNote %0 Cumhuriyet Dental Journal A retrospective evaluation of bifid mandibular canal prevalence of Southeastern Anatolia population by cone-beam computed tomography %A Nedim Güneş , Rıdvan Güler , Hatice Demircan Ağın , Serkan Dündar , Veysel Eratilla %T A retrospective evaluation of bifid mandibular canal prevalence of Southeastern Anatolia population by cone-beam computed tomography %D 2022 %J Cumhuriyet Dental Journal %P 1302-5805-2146-2852 %V 25 %N Supplement %R doi: 10.7126/cumudj.1032866 %U 10.7126/cumudj.1032866

Cumhuriyet Dental Journal (Cumhuriyet Dent J, CDJ) is the official publication of Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Dentistry. CDJ is an international journal dedicated to the latest advancement of dentistry. The aim of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists and academicians all over the world to promote, share, and discuss various new issues and developments in different areas of dentistry. First issue of the Journal of Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Dentistry was published in 1998. In 2010, journal's name was changed as Cumhuriyet Dental Journal. Journal’s publication language is English.


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