Aim: Orthodontists could be exposed to different occupational risks and be affected by different pathologies such as Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs). Prevention strategies are required to identify risk factors at different levels. Through an objective clinical evaluation, this study aimed to identify the factors related to the presence of MSDs in a group of orthodontists from Medellín (Colombia).
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. A clinical evaluation, focused on orthodontics-related occupational aspects, was carried out by an occupational health practitioner, that was standardized for research purposes. Sociodemographic and clinical variables were collected. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were conducted on the prevalence of MSDs according to the study variables and Chi-square tests was carried out to observe statistically significant differences. Ethical approval was obtained.
Results: The prevalence of MSDs was 58.7% (95%CI 44.3- 71.7). The frequency of Upper body MSDs was 45.7% (Females: 51.4%) and in the case of Spine Area MSDs was 23.9% (Males: 45.5%). The prevalence of MSDs was higher in males, those people ≤ 44 years, Single/Separate, from middle socioeconomic status, with other medical previous conditions. Labor conditions were related to the presence of MSDs. The agreement percentage in the case of Upper body MSDs and Clinical Spine Area MSDs considering positive cases was 50% and 29.2% respectively.
Conclusions: The orthodontists participating in the study manifested various MSDs and other pathologies related to their professional practice. Sociodemographic and clinical factors were related to the presence of MSDs. Epidemiological surveillance systems in occupational health and strategies in health and safety at work are requested.
The authors would like to thank all members of the Association of Orthodontists of the University of Antioquia in Medellín, Colombia, for their cooperation with this research.
|Subjects||Health Care Administration|
|Journal Section||Original Research Articles|
|Publication Date||September 29, 2023|
|Submission Date||January 17, 2023|
|Published in Issue||Year 2023Volume: 26 Issue: 3|
Cumhuriyet Dental Journal (Cumhuriyet Dent J, CDJ) is the official publication of Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Dentistry. CDJ is an international journal dedicated to the latest advancement of dentistry. The aim of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists and academicians all over the world to promote, share, and discuss various new issues and developments in different areas of dentistry. First issue of the Journal of Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Dentistry was published in 1998. In 2010, journal's name was changed as Cumhuriyet Dental Journal. Journal’s publication language is English.
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